Religion and society
Two dimensional thoughts within religion and society
We know that “Change is the only constant” and life is a process of endless progress. We human beings cannot resist it. When life goes through a process of change it also changes the observations, behaviors, opinions and human needs. With the passage of time society achieve new heights. It reaches a point where religion no more justifies its needs which creates a gap between religion and society. Therefore, two dimensional thoughts and movements occur within religion, “The Modernists” and “The Revivalists” defining Religion and society.
The Modernists believe that religion should accept change combining religion and society moving parallel with modern science and technology. When traditional explanation is invalid and religion is feared to disappear in the changing environment, a new understanding is done. The teachings of religion are seen in a new measurement to survive in a changing world. Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was a Modernist thinker; Aligarh movement was a Modernist movement on viewpoint of religion and society.
Fundamentalists or Revivalists
Fundamentalists believe that society should go back to its roots and follow the religion in its pure form. They believe that all the solutions of the problems lie in belief. Any change in the nature of religion is considered sinful and new explanations are believed to be against the religion. This thought doesn’t accept the change and with the passage of time they go into separation because of changing environment. Gap between the mainstream society and the revivalists separated religion from society. Historically Deobandi movement was a Revivalist movement which rejected the change and stuck to its roots. Still it is one of the major sects in Islam with millions of followers across the world.
Today, especially the Islamic fundamentalist movements have become stronger than ever. Consequently these movements occur due to two reasons, firstly, the unfriendly attitude of West towards the Muslim world. With such environment there is a sense of insecurity and people take shelter in religion for their defense. Secondly, the bad governance of non spiritual governments in Muslim world was the cause. They were unable to provide assistance to their people. Hence shifted the focus of population towards the Fundamentalist ideas where they try to find the solutions to their problems.
Furthermore, in an ideological State, the ruling class of a country uses religion for their political interests. Indeed they purchase it for the protection of their rules. On the other hand, the people, after not finding the therapy of their dispossession take shelter in religion. Religion simply gives them the power of toleration. Forget your hardships in the world and wait for the reward in afterlife. Religion and society is separated here. In a result, the religion is used in both cases but the solution to the problem is still missing.